Eastern Europe, especially Belorussia, the western Ukraine, and Lithuania, had wide expanses of forests and swamps which were ideal for guerrilla warfare. Joseph Stalin called for the establishment of an underground movement in the occupied territories to fight the enemy, and in June , central headquarters were established for the entire partisan movement. With the influx of Jews into the partisan movement, family camps evolved, especially in Belorussia. These camps ranged from a few families to several hundreds of families.
The families took refuge in forests primarily in an effort to save their lives, and secondarily to fight the enemy. In western Europe, large scale guerrilla movement was impossible due to the more open topography. However, there were acts of organized armed resistance. In total, partisans were relatively few in number, but because of their ability to move within enemy territory they could disrupt Nazi activity. Partisans interfered with enemy communication by cutting telephone, telegraph, and electrical lines and by destroying power stations.
They sabotaged transportation links by blowing up bridges, roads, and railway equipment, and they sabotaged factories that produced materials for the Axis war effort. Nine photographs of resistance groups in the forest, in the ghetto, and even in death camps. Map of Jewish Partisan activity in Eastern Europe, April 19, marked the beginning of an armed revolt by a courageous and determined group of Warsaw ghetto dwellers. The Jewish Fighter Organization ZOB led the insurgency and battled for a month, using weapons smuggled into the ghetto.
The Nazis responded by bringing in tanks and machine guns, burning blocks of buildings, destroying the ghetto, and ultimately killing many of the last 60, Jewish ghetto residents. The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was the first large uprising by an urban population in German-occupied territory.
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising gallery 1. Warsaw Ghetto Uprising gallery 2. Excerpts from General Stroop's report on the destruction of the Warsaw ghetto. Warsaw Ghetto Uprising article from the Encyclopedia of the Holocaust. Vladka Meed tells of how she watched the burning of the Warsaw ghetto from a building outside the ghetto. Late summer of saw armed uprisings at several ghettos and camps. On August 2, seven hundred Jews torched parts of the Treblinka death camp.
Most of the rebels were killed within the compound and of the who escaped, only a dozen survived. Two weeks later, Jewish paramilitary organizations within the Bialystok ghetto attacked the German army. The revolt ended the same day with the death or capture of all the resisters. The Holocaust. Doris Bergen.
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